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Cognitive and Emotional Health Project: The Healthy Brain







Questionnaires or Scales that Identify Presence and Severity of Dementia

By selecting | Studies | , you can view those epidemiologic studies which have used a given measure.

o Dementia Questionnaire (DQ) (Silverman JM, Breitner JC, Mohs RC et al. 1986; Kawas C et al. 1994). Designed to detect the presence or absence of dementia, to ascertain the type of dementia, and to estimate age of onset of dementia. A semistructured interview comprising 6 sections: (1) memory and cognition, (2) expression (language), (3) daily functioning, (4) recognition of problems (insight), (5) other medical and psychiatric difficulties, (6) education and demographic data. | Studies |

o Canberra Interview for the Elderly (CIE) (Social Psychiatry Research Unit 1992; Mackinnon et al. 1993; Henderson & Jorm 1997). A standardized assessment of depressive symptoms and cognitive performance, suitable for administration by nonclinician interviewers after brief training. Includes informant interview. Allows persons to be identified as cases of dementia or depressive disorder by ICD-10 or DSM-III-R or IV. | Studies |

o Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR) (Hughes C et al. 1982; Morris J 1993). 6 categories that are rated for impairment & are then synthesized into a single global rating with 5 degrees of impairment. Domains: memory, orientation, judgment and problem solving, community affairs, home & hobbies, & personal care. Raters need considerable training to ensure adequate reliability. | Studies |

o Global Deterioration Scale (GDS) (Reisberg et al. 1982). Places level of deterioration within 7 broad stages ranging from no cognitive decline to severe decline. Raters need considerable training to ensure adequate reliability May be more effective than the CDR in describing functioning at the very mild and severe ranges of impairment. | Studies |

o Hasegawa Dementia Scale (Hasegawa K 1983). Widely used in Japan.

o Community Screening Interview for Dementia (CSI-D) Hall KS, Gao S, Emsley CL, Ogunniyi AO, Morgan O, Hendrie HC, 2000). Developed for use in cross-cultural studies. 2 components: a cognitive test for non-literate and literate populations and an informant interview regarding performance in everyday living. Available in several languages, including Chinese.
| Studies |