U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
N I H Logo
Cognitive and Emotional Health Project: The Healthy Brain

Self-Assessment of Memory (metamemory)

By selecting | Studies | , you can view those epidemiologic studies which have used a given measure.

Self-Assessment of Memory (metamemory). | Studies |

o Metamemory = individuals' knowledge, beliefs, & affect concerning their own memory functioning (Hultsch et al. 1988).

o Memory self-efficacy = individuals' beliefs about their memory ability in variety of situations (Berry et al. 1989)

o There are only modest cross-sectional correlations of self-reported memory ability & actual memory performance (Hertzog et al 1990)

o Beliefs about one's memory are resistant to l-term change (Lachman et al. 1992)

o Metamemory In Adulthood instrument (MIA) (Dixon, Hultsch, Hertzog 1988). 108 items. 7 subscales: Capacity, Change, Task, Strategy, Anxiety, Achievement, Locus. Capacity subscale is best single measure of memory self-efficacy (McDonald-Miszczak et al 1995)

o Memory Functioning Questionnaire (MFQ) (Gilewski et al. 1990). 7 subscales: General Rating, Retrospective Functioning, Frequency of Forgetting, Reading Novels, Reading Magazines, Remembering Past Events, Mnemonics. Frequency of Forgetting subscale is best measure of memory self-efficacy (McDonald-Miszczak et al. 1995)

o Memory Assessment Clinics Self-Rating Scale (Crook & Larrabee 1990)

o Global cognitive complaints (Jorm et al. 1997). Global memory complaints. 2 items: "Overall, do you feel you can remember things as well as you used to? That is, is your memory the same as it was earlier in life?" "Does this interfere in any way with your day to day life?" Global intellectual complaints. 2 items: "Do you think you can think and reason as clearly as earlier in life?" "Does this interfere in any way with your day to day life?"

o Subjective Memory Decline Scale (Jorm et al. 1997). Series of questions about everyday memory: "Do you have more trouble remembering things that have happened recently?", "Are you worse at remembering where belongings are kept?" "Do you have trouble recalling conversations a few days later?" "Do you have more trouble remembering appointments and social arrangements?" Response choices: 0=no, not much worse; 1=a bit worse; 2=a lot worse.

o Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (Broadbent et al. 1982).

o Single-item measures are found in a number of studies

o See also Gilewski & Zelinski (1986) review of 10 subjective memory measures.