U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Cognitive and Emotional Health Project: The Healthy Brain

National Adult Reading Test

Australian Study (Christensen H, Mackinnon AJ, Jorm AF, Henderson AS et al. 1994)

o MMSE; National Adult Reading Test; Symbol Letter Modalities Test (SLMT; a modified version of Symbol Digit Modalities Test of Smith (1973) & similar to Digit Symbol Substitution of WAIS-R); Choice & simple reaction time task requiring subjects to respond to one of two lights; Vocabulary (3 items from WAIS-R); Similarities (3 items from WAIS-R); Information (4 items identifying historical figures); Cube drawing (copy cube from drawn 2-dimensional figure); Memory for a figure (1 item from Visual Reproduction subtest of WMS); Recall of words (recall 3 words learned to criterion); Address recall (recall name & address learned to criterion 1-2 min earlier); Face recognition (intentional face recognition, similar to Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test); Word recognition (incidental memory task in which subjects are asked to answer 12 questions, each of which contained key words, & which were later recognized from 24 items); Verbal Fluency (name as many animals as possible within 30 seconds). Test battery was factor analyzed to produce 3 factors "Crystallized Intelligence", "Fluid Intelligence", "Memory". Dementia assessed with Canberra Interview for the Elderly.

Jorm AF et al. (1998). Occupation type as a predictor of cognitive decline and dementia in old age.

Jorm AF et al. (1997). Do cognitive complaints either predict future cognitive decline or reflect past cognitive decline? A longitudinal study of an elderly community sample. Cognitive complaints did not predict future cognitive change on the MMSE, an episodic memory test, or test of mental speed. Cognitive complaints at Wave 2 were unrelated to past cognitive changes on these tests after controlling for effects of anxiety/depression.

Korten AE et al. (1997). A prospective study of cognitive function in the elderly.
Christensen H et al. (1997). Education and decline in cognitive performance: compensatory but not protective.
Christensen H et al. (1996). Activity levels and cognitive functioning in an elderly community sample.
Christensen H et al. (1995). ICD-10 mild cognitive disorder: epidemiological evidence on its validity.
Christensen H et al. (1994). Age differences and interindividual variation in cognition in community-dwelling elderly.
Christensen H et al. (1994). The relationship between health and cognitive functioning in a sample of elderly people in the community.

Aging, Brain Imaging, and Cognition (Godfrey Pearlson MH60504, #35)

Community-based sample of 334 persons aged 20-96 followed from 1999-2004 "MMSE, TICS-m, NART-R, WAIS-R, TMT (Trail Making Test?), BTA, CPT, WCST (Wisconsin Card Sort Test), CET, HVLT-R, BVMT-R, WMS-R, PMT, RDT, BNT-30 (Boston Naming Test), verbal fluency, BFRT, CFT, pegboard, comparison speed."